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This section covers each part of a manuscript.

The IMRaD (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) structure is commonly used for papers. The conclusions are either included with the discussion ("Results and Discussion") or given in a separate section ("Conclusion" or "Conclusions").

  • The Front Matter page discusses the title, byline, affiliations, and corresponding author information.

  • The Abstract page discusses the abstract and keywords.

  • The Introduction page discusses the literature review and reference citation formats.

  • The Methods page discusses descriptions of methods.